Difference Between IAS and IPS – IAS vs IPS Full Form, Salary, Powers

Difference Between IAS and IPS

All Indian Services that existed prior to independence are Indian Administrative Services (IAS) and Indian Police Services. Because both services provide the foundation for the development of the country, the dispute between IAS and IPS is also a longstanding one. 

The two most significant parts of the state administration, which deals with the IAS and IPS, are revenue and law and order. Both security and development are essential for the nation’s development. The two foundations of India’s development and security are IAS and IPS. 

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) administers the Civil Services Exam, which is used to choose candidates for both services. The two cornerstones of the state development apparatus are IAS and IPS officers. 

According to a UN proverb, “Neither sustainable development nor peace are possible without the other.” So, at the district level, the two officers work well together. The powers, responsibilities, training, cadre controlling authority, compensation, and benefits of IAS and IPS officers, however, differ significantly. 

Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police Service, respectively, are their complete names. The most sought-after civil services in India are IAS and IPS. Being accepted into these services is difficult and a source of great pride and responsibility. IAS and IPS officers differ from one another, particularly in terms of their salaries, roles, and other duties.

The IAS and IPS are esteemed positions. IAS handles public administration, whilst IPS upholds national law and order. IAS and IPS officials must be bold, tolerant, and modest, whereas IAS officers must be honest, strong-minded, and filled with patriotic thoughts. 

IAS and IPS Evolution

The IAS and IPS services were both controlled by Europeans prior to Independence. Following Indian independence, only Indian citizens were allowed to use the services, and the qualifying requirements were relaxed in their favor. 

The continuation of the Imperial Civil Services (ICS) that was in place during the colonial era is the Indian Administrative Service. The term “Collector” refers to a civil servant who is responsible for collecting taxes from agricultural land. The desired government services were launched from one of the first jobs held by the British corporation.

Power And Authorities of IAS and IPS

IAS is governed by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pension, Department of Personnel and Training, and Department of Personnel. The Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, is in charge of the IPS Cadre.

Beyond their positions and duties, IAS and IPS officers have significant power. IAS officials are deeply involved in administrative matters, and their ability to make decisions has a significant impact on how the nation’s socioeconomic environment is shaped. 

They have the authority to shape the course of several sectors, including infrastructure, healthcare, education, and more since they can create regulations and allocate money. Their choices have far-reaching effects that may have an effect on millions of people’s lives.

The ability to uphold law and order is a separate kind of power held by IPS personnel. They are able to combat crime, look into crimes, and guarantee the public’s safety and security thanks to their authority. 

They perform a critical role in upholding justice and maintaining the social fabric of the nation by making effective use of their rights of arrest, search, and seizure. They play an important role in fostering a calm and harmonious atmosphere because of their commitment to upholding law and order, which gives society a sense of security.

Also Read: SSC GD Full Form

Role and Responsibility of IPS And IAS

IAS (Indian Administrative Services)IPS (Indian Police Service)
The Full form of IPS is Indian Administrative Services.The Full Form of IPS is Indian Police Service.
IAS is the highest-ranking position within the Civil Services.IPS comes in second place after IAS.
IAS positions are given to those with the best UPSC exam scores.IPS officials are designated when top-rank holders are appointed to IAS positions.
Ministries and government divisions are given an IAS officer.A member of the Indian Police Service (IPS) is a police officer.
They support the creation, formulation, and application of policies.They are responsible for maintaining law and order in their posted region and conducting crime analyses.
An IAS officer’s base salary is 56,100 rupees (HRA and TA are extra).An IPS officer might earn between 56,100 and 2,25,000 rupees per month in remuneration.
Role And Responsibility of IPS And IAS
  • The distinction between IAS and IPS officers’ responsibilities is discussed below. 
  • The duties and responsibilities that IAS and IPS are pursuing are different from one another.
  • IAS officers oversee the management of a region, district, or department.
  • In order to put strategies for the advancement of their regions into action, they also have other executive authorities and can make proposals.
  • The State and Central administrations are also responsible for IAS officers.
  • Apart from investigating crimes and guaranteeing public safety, one of the key duties of IPS officers is to uphold law and order in society.

Comparing the IAS and IPS Ranks

IAS is superior to IPS in terms of hierarchy, mostly due to the nature of the responsibilities. IAS also oversees a number of district departments that carry out government programs.

An IPS officer is exclusively in charge of one department. An IPS officer, however, occupies a prominent position and wields great authority inside municipal organizations, municipalities, etc.

Process of Selection for IAS And IPS

IAS and IPS selection procedures differ significantly in that only the best candidates can be hired as IAS officers, whereas IPS is the second-best option. 

The Civil Services Examination, which is administered by the Union Public Service Commission, is how IAS and IPS officers are chosen.

  • Preliminary, Main, and Personality Test rounds make up the CSE.
  • To qualify for positions as IAS and IPS officers, candidates must pass all three UPSC test stages and achieve high rankings.
  • For both the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, the eligibility requirements and selection procedures are essentially the same.

IAS and IPS Difference in Training

All newly appointed IAS and IPS officers enroll in the three-month common foundation course at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA). 

Following the foundation course, only the IAS officials remained at the LBSNAA while the other officers attended their respective specialist training facilities. 

The remaining portion of an IPS officer’s training is completed at the Hyderabad-based Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA). The training period for IAS probationers is two years, whereas the training period for IPS officers is two and a half years.

The President’s Gold Medal is awarded to the IAS training course winner, and the Prime Minister’s Baton is handed to the IPS training course winner.

IAS training is highly dependent on the management, cooperation, and administration of resources and labor. Along with physical training, the IPS curriculum covers a range of legislation necessary for law enforcement employment. 

IPS training is more difficult and physically taxing. It includes horseback riding, events, armament training, and other essential law enforcement-related activities.

Highest Promotion for IAS and IPS

Based on the promotions given, IAS and IPS differ from one another. Officers who are diligent are entitled to promotions to positions with greater authority.

The highest promotion is available to IAS officers in India: 

  • Appointment as the sole IAS officer for the position of Cabinet Secretary.
  • Chief Secretary Post.
  • “Home Secretary” Post

India’s Highest Positions for IPS Officers:

  • One of the highest positions an IPS officer can have is director general of the state’s police.
  • An IPS official can, however, also be appointed as the director of the CBI, RAW, or IB in the Central Government.
  • They may also serve as the national security adviser for India.

IAS and IPS Payscale

Although both have the same beginning pay, IAS officers have a slightly higher pay scale. INR 56,100 is the starting IAS salary (without TA, HRA, and DA). IAS officers get paid following the 7th Pay Commission.

The pay scale for IPS officials is less than that of IAS. After the 7th Pay Commission, the IPS Salary increased as well, and it now varies from 56,100 INR per month to as much as 2,25,000 INR per month once one reaches the position of Director-General of Police (DGP). The advantages of housing, transportation, housekeeping, healthcare, etc. are shared by IAS and IPS.

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