Biography of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Biography of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
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Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) is most commonly known as Abul Kalam Azad or Maulana Azad. He was a senior member of the Indian National Congress during the Indian Independence struggle and an academic from India. 

He was also a theologian of Islam. His full name is Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad, and he was born in Mecca on November 11, 1888. He used the name Azad as his pen name, although his real name is Maulana Azad, which is an honorific that means “Our Master.”

Maulana Abul Azad was regarded with great respect throughout his life. Azad wrote a lot of Urdu poetry when he was still a teenager, along with other works on philosophy and religion. He wrote several pieces criticizing British rule when he was a journalist, and as a result of his work, he finally became active in the Indian independence struggle. 

Maulana Azad also rose to prominence and met Mahatma Gandhi, the father of modern India. The non-violent methods advocated by Mahatma Gandhi for battling British tyranny inspired Maulana Azad. 

Early Life of Abul Kalam Azad

Early Life of Abul Kalam Azad
Early Life of Abul Kalam Azad

Sayyid Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al Hussaini, the original name of Maulana Azad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, on November 11, 1888. His family moved to Calcutta (now Kolkata) two years later.

His mother’s name was Sheikha Alia bint Mohammad, she was a renowned scholar from Medina. His father, Muhammad Khairuddin, was a Bengali Muslim scholar of Afghan ancestry who wrote twelve books, had thousands of disciplined followers, and claimed noble ancestry.

Azad accompanied a conventional Islamic education since he came from an Islamic household and wanted to follow in his family’s footsteps. He was first taught at home by his father, and as the years went on, he also received instruction from teachers who specialized in other subjects. 

The Holy Quran was reinterpreted by Maulana Azad, who had academic training and was certified as a religious leader. Azad also published several other books. During his teenage years, he first studied the Arabic and Persian languages before moving on to other disciplines including algebra, geometry, and mathematics. 

At the age of 12, Azad built a library, a debating society, and a place to read because he had a strong desire to learn new things. 

He also wrote a biography on the life of Al-Ghazali. By the time he was 14 years old, he was already contributing articles to the literary journal Makhzan. He began teaching children twice his age when he was 15 and finished the conventional course of study at  16. 

He started the monthly publication Lissan-us-Sidq in 1903 and by 1990 he was the editor of the weekly magazine Al-Misbah. When he was 13, Maulana Azad also wed Zulaikha Begum, a young Muslim girl.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Education and Influences

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Education and Influences
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Education and Influences

Before starting school, Azad began learning various languages after being fluent in Arabic as a first language, including Bengali, Hindustani, Persian, and English. Homeschooled and self-taught, Azad. Also, tutors hired by his family provided him with instruction in the Mazahibs of Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i, and Hanbali fiqh, Shariat, mathematics, philosophy, global history, and science.

He was a thinker of outstanding quality, and his commitment to the area of education is unmatched because of his vision for a liberal and compassionate educational system. His plan was to combine Eastern and Western ideas in order to give the educational system a well-rounded and complete personality.

The Jamila Milia Islamia was established in 1920 by Azad, fellow Khilafat stalwarts M. A. Ansari and Ajmal Khan, and is a higher education institution managed purely by Indians, without support from the British.

Early Journalistic Career

Early Journalistic Career (Abul Kalam Azad)
Early Journalistic Career (Abul Kalam Azad)

Abul Kalam started writing at a young age, and by the time he was eleven, he was publishing Articles. His pen name, “Azad,” which eventually became his real name, was used while he wrote.

Azad began putting up a weekly named “Al-Hilal” in 1912, in which he criticized British policy. The journal became so well-liked by the people that the British were ultimately forced to ban it in 1914 under the Press Act.

Azad immediately launched another weekly, “Al-Balagh,” which was published until 1916, when he was arrested for violating the Defence of India Regulations. His arrival had been prohibited by the governments of Bombay, Punjab, Delhi, and the United Provinces, and he was sent back to Bihar. Despite censorship, he managed to use the power of his words to fight against British actions.

Struggle for Indian Independence

Struggle for Indian Independence
Struggle for Indian Independence

Aurobindo Ghosh and Shyam Sundar Chakravarty were two revolutionaries with whom Azad was affiliated. Azad opposed the 1905 Bengal division and became more involved in revolutionary activity.

In 1908, Azad met several revolutionaries connected to the Young Turk movement and the Iranian revolution during his travels to Egypt, Syria, Turkey, and France. This helped him establish and develop his nationalist political ideas.

In his monthly Al-Hilal, he wrote extensively opposing the Morley-Minto reforms’ provision for separate electorates for Muslims.

He was sent to Bihar in 1916 as punishment for his revolutionary literature. He was freed following World War I.

In 1920, After being freed, Azad began leading the Khilafat Movement, which was formed by Indian Muslims to demand that the British maintain the Turkish Sultan’s status as the Caliph of Islam after World War I. Azad had previously been influenced by Mahatma Gandhi’s idea of non-cooperation to resist the British.

Gandhi and Azad became friends because of their shared love of religion and simplicity. He started using the charkha to spin khadi for his clothing, frequently residing at and taking part in Gandhi’s ashrams.  Azad developed a close relationship with fellow nationalists like Jawaharlal Nehru, Chittaranjan Das, and Subhas Chandra Bose despite his strong commitment to nonviolence.

Azad presided over the Delhi Unity Conference in 1924 and used his position to push for the unification of the Khilafat and Swarajist leaders under the Congress.

Azad often held the positions of general secretary, president, and member of the Congress Working Committee.

In 1928, Azad supported the Nehru Report, which the Ali brothers and Muhammad Ali Jinnah criticized. Azad campaigned for the abolition of distinct electoral districts and for a secular India after independence.

At the Congress meeting in Guwahati, Azad supported Gandhi’s demand that India be given dominion status within a year.

He took part in the Salt Satyagraha in 1930, which resulted in his incarceration and one and a half years in prison. After the Gandhi-Irwin accord of 1931, he was released.

He was detained in 1942 for taking part in the Quit India campaign, along with the other leadership members, and sentenced to four years in prison.

Before India’s independence, Azad opposed Gandhi Ji’s meeting with Jinnah in Mumbai in 1944.

Azad was completely against India’s partition. The brutality he observed during the Partition had a significant impact on him. Azad traveled to the violent areas of Bengal, Assam, and Punjab, helping to set up the camps for refugees and assuring the availability of food and other necessities.

Congress leader

Congress leader - Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Congress leader – Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Azad often held the positions of general secretary and president while serving on the Congress Working Committee. At age 35, he was the youngest president of the Indian National Congress in 1923. In 1928, nationalist rage over the Simon Commission’s recommendations for constitutional reforms re-energized India’s political scene. Indian leaders and specialists were not even consulted by the commission, which had no Indian members. 

A panel headed by Motilal Nehru was created by Congress and other political parties to make constitutional reform recommendations based on Indian viewpoints. Azad supported the Nehru Report in 1928, despite the Ali brothers and Muslim League politician Muhammad Ali Jinnah criticizing it. 

He again stood for president of the Congress in 1940, winning, and held the position until 1946. Azad backed the motion endorsing socialism in 1936 and Nehru’s election as Congress president during the Congress assembly in Lucknow.

Quit India Movement

Azad acted as a go-between between Gandhi’s supporters and the Congress party led by Congress president Subhash Bose in 1938. Bose criticized Gandhi for not starting a new uprising against the British and worked to split Congress from Gandhi’s leadership. 

Quit India Movement - Maulana Abdul Kalam
Quit India Movement – Maulana Abdul Kalam

When India was included in World War II in 1939, Azad, along with the majority of other Congress leaders, stood behind Gandhi but grudgingly supported Congress’s withdrawal from the legislature. 

Azad became more critical of Jinnah and the League when Jinnah referred to the Congress government in the provinces as the “Hindu Raj” and hailed the departure of the Congress ministers as a “Day of Deliverance” for Muslims.

Azad began encouraging tens of thousands of people at protests all around the country to get ready for a decisive, all-out battle while supporting the appeal for the British to “Quit India.” 

As president of the Congress, Azad traveled all throughout India meeting with grassroots activists and local and provincial Congress officials, giving speeches, and plotting the uprising. 

Congress president Azad officially began the conflict on August 7, 1942, at Mumbai’s Gowalia Tank with a passionate address urging Indians to take action. Azad and the whole Congress leadership were detained by the British just two days later. 

Azad and the Congress Working Committee were detained at a fort in Ahmednagar for over four years while Gandhi was imprisoned at the Aga Khan Palace in Pune. They were kept in isolation and under strict security. 

Legacy and Influence

In 1989, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Maulana Azad’s birth and to encourage education among social groups with low levels of education, the Ministry of Minority Affairs of the federal government of India established the Maulana Azad Education Foundation.

The Ministry also offers students from minority communities the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad National Fellowship, an integrated five-year fellowship in the form of financial aid for them to pursue higher education such as M.Phil. and Ph.D.

The Indian government was honored by awarding the posthumous Bharat Ratna in 1992.

The Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies once occupied his residence, which is now the Maulana Azad Museum. 

The first education minister of independent India, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, who served from 15 August 1947 until 2 February 1958, is remembered with the yearly celebration of National Education Day in India on November 11.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Awards and Trophy

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Awards and Trophy
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Awards and Trophy

The Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy is a sports honour of the Republic of India. This award annually given by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports. Basically The performance is judged on the number of factors such as Number of medals, Number of times a university has qualified for national, Number of times a university has qualified for international competitions, and the number of students who participate in sports.

Here below we provide a List of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy recipients with showing the year, university, and city.

2020, 2021Panjab UniversityChandigarh
2017–2018Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
2016–2017Punjabi UniversityPatiala
2015–2016Punjabi UniversityPatiala
2014–2015Punjabi UniversityPatiala
2013–2014Punjabi UniversityPatiala
2012–2013Punjabi UniversityPatiala
2011–2012Punjabi UniversityPatiala
2010–2011Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
2009–2010Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
2008–2009Punjabi UniversityPatiala
2007–2008Punjabi UniversityPatiala
2006–2007Punjabi UniversityPatiala
2005–2006Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
2004–2005Panjab UniversityChandigarh
2003–2004Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
2002–2003Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
2001–2002Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
2000–2001Delhi UniversityDelhi
1999–2000Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1998–1999Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1997–1998Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1996–1997Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1995–1996Panjab UniversityChandigarh
1994–1995Panjab UniversityChandigarh
1993–1994Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1992–1993Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1991–1992Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1990–1991Delhi UniversityDelhi
1989–1990Delhi UniversityDelhi
1988–1989Delhi UniversityDelhi
1987–1988Delhi UniversityDelhi
1986–1987Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1985–1986Bombay UniversityMumbai
1984–1985Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1983–1984Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1981–1982Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1980–1981Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1979–1980Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1978–1979Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1977–1978Delhi UniversityDelhi
1976–1977Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
1975–1976Delhi UniversityDelhi
1974–1975Delhi UniversityDelhi
1973–1974Delhi UniversityDelhi
1972–1973Delhi UniversityDelhi
1971–1972Panjab UniversityChandigarh
1971–1972Delhi UniversityDelhi
1970–1971Panjab UniversityChandigarh
1969–1970Panjab UniversityChandigarh
1968–1969Panjab UniversityChandigarh
1967–1968Panjab UniversityChandigarh
1966–1967Kurukshetra UniversityKurukshetra
1965–1966Panjab UniversityChandigarh
1964–1965Delhi UniversityDelhi
1963–1964Delhi UniversityDelhi
1962–1963Delhi UniversityDelhi
1961–1962Panjab UniversityChandigarh
1960–1961Panjab UniversityChandigarh
1959–1960Bombay UniversityMumbai
1958–1959Panjab UniversityChandigarh
1957–1958Panjab UniversityChandigarh
1956–1957Bombay UniversityMumbai
2022Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsar
2019Panjab UniversityChandigarh
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Awards and Trophy

Maka (Maulana Abul Kalam Azad) Recipients by Number of Times Awarded

UniversityNumber of times awarded
Bombay University, Mumbai3
Punjabi University, Patiala9
Delhi University, Delhi14
Panjab University, Chandigarh15
Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar23
Recipients by number of times awarded

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Inspiring Quotes

Climbing to the top demands strength, whether it is to the top of Mount Everest or to the top of your career.

You have to dream before your dreams can come true.

In life, as in chess, forethought wins.

The right to freedom is the gift of God Almighty.

The man of character finds a special attractiveness in difficulty since it is only by coming to grips with difficulty that he can realize his potentialities.

Educationists should build the capacities of the spirit of inquiry, creativity, entrepreneurial and moral leadership among students and become their role model.

A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history when we step out from the old to the new when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance.

You have not lived today until you have done something for someone who can never repay you.

The main purpose of education is to build character, foster a scientific spirit of temper, and create a sense of social responsibility.

Be more dedicated to making solid achievements than in running after swift but synthetic happiness.

Education transcends all boundaries, and it is the only way to bring about a real transformation in society.
As a child of God, I am greater than anything that can happen to me.

Many people plant trees but few of them get fruit of it.

Slavery is worst even if it bears beautiful names.

Teaching by tongue can be perspired but by good deed can stay stronger.

Education imparted by heart can bring revolution in the society.

Great dreams of great dreamers are always transcended.

To succeed in your mission, you must have single-minded devotion to your goal.

Be more dedicated to making solid achievements than in running after swift but synthetic happiness.

The minute I heard my first love story, I started looking for you, not knowing how blind that was. Lovers don’t finally meet somewhere. They’re in each other all along.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Books


Ghubar e Khatir غبار خاطر

India Wins Freedom


Tafseer Surah Fatiha

Sallies of Mind: English Translation of Ghubar E Khatir

Aazadi e Hind

Tarjuman al-Quran (Vol 1)

Tarjumanul Quran – Complete set with 3 Vol

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Scholarship 2023

Scholarship For ClassEligibilityRewardLast Date
Class 9 & 10 Minority Girls (Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Janis, Parsis)Annual Income Less than 2.5 Lakhs PARs 5,000 Per Annum + Books15th Dec 2023
Class 11 & 12 Minority Girls (Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Janis, Parsis)Annual Income Less than 2.5 Lakhs PARs 6,000 Per Annum15th Dec 2023
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Scholarship 2023

Short Essay on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in English (300 Words)

Al-Kalam Abul Originally known as Abul kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddi, Azad also went by the names Maulana Abul kalam and Maulana Azad. On November 11, 1888, he was born in Mecca.

Azad was the son of Sheikha Alia bint Mohammad and the Indian Muslim scholar Muhammad Khairuddin, who lived in Mecca. He obtained a conventional Islamic education at home from his father and other Islamic masters when he was a little child before his family relocated back to India. Azad gained knowledge of English and was influenced by Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan, an Indian professor. 

He started to write daily journals in 1912 and in Calcutta, he also released a diary every week in Urdu called Al-Hilal.

The newspaper mostly discussed how the Muslim community might aid in the resistance to British rule in India. 

Al-Hilal also criticized the Muslim sultans for aiding the British administration. Because of its anti-British stance, the publication rose to prominence within the Muslim community, and the British authorities, therefore, decided to outlaw it. 

In 1920, he became a member of the Indian National Congress, where he contributed to the Muslim Indian community’s understanding of the need for an independent India. He was also a member of the Khilafat movement, which supported the Ottoman Sultan as the supreme leader of the Muslim world, from 1920 to 1924.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography in 100 Words For All Classes (10 Lines)

Mohammad Abul kalam azad was an Indian independence activist, Islamic theologian, writer, and a senior leader of Indian National Congress.

Abul Kalam Azad Born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in 1888, And moved to India with his family at a young age.

He received a traditional Islamic education and also studied English and other modern subjects.

Abul Kalam Azad was also closest associate of Mahatma Gandhi and was one of the main architects of Indian Constitution. After India’s independence in 1947.

He worked as country’s first education minister.

Maulana kalam abul azad is also consider as one of the most important figures in Indian history.

Here below we ae added some of the key events of Maulana Azad’s life:

  • Abul Kalam Azad Born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
  • Abul Kalam Azad Moved to India with his family at a young age.
  • Became a leading important figure in the Khilafat Movement.
  • He is also one of the main architects of the Indian Constitution
  • Served as India’s first education minister after independence in 1947.
  • Abul Kalam Azad Died in Delhi in 1958.

Which University Was Founded by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad ?

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad The Founder of Higher Education in India.

Here are maulana abul kalam azad university of technology which is provided by wikipedia.

Organisation and administration

Schools, Departments and Centers

The University & institute has 11 different Schools of Studies and there are 75 Undergraduate and 100+ post-graduate courses.

BiotechnologyBio-informaticsApplied Biology
Life SciencesCentre for Bio Resource Management and Bio Economy
Computer science and engineering
Information TechnologyEmerging TechnologiesInformation Science – Undergraduate
Information Science – PostgraduateComputer ApplicationsGeo-informatics and Spatial Sciences
Industrial Engineering and ManagementMicroelectronics and VLSI TechnologyCentre for Robotics and 3D Printing
Centre for Biomedical Engineering
Environmental ScienceRenewable Energy EngineeringCentre for Waste Utilization
Management and Business AdministrationManagement and Business StudiesUndergraduate Business Studies
Hospital Administration and ManagementHospitality and Hotel Administration
Applied ChemistryApplied MathematicsApplied Physics
Applied StatisticsForensic Science and TechnologyMaterials Science and Technology
Food ScienceFood Technology
Pharmaceutical Technology
Applied EconomicsApplied PsychologyLinguistics
Media ScienceMultimedia Technology
Archaeology (Heritage Cell)
Maulana abul kalam azad university of technology

Best Maulana Abul Kalam Azad HD ImageS & Photos

Frequently Asked Questions About Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Who Was Maulana Abul Kalam Azad?

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a senior member of the Indian National Congress during the Indian Independence struggle and an academic from India.

Who Is Maulana Abul Kalam Azad?

Maulana abul kalam azad was a senior member in the indian independence struggle. Also, he was a theologian, writer, and a senior Team leader in indian national congress. Also abul kalam azad was first minister of education in the indian government.

Where Is Maulana Azad Medical College?

Maulana Azad Medical College is located at 2, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, near Delhi Gate, Maulana Azad Medical College Campus, Balmiki Basti, New Delhi, 110002, India. It is a government medical college affiliated to the University of Delhi.

The college is spread over a campus of 122 acres and is attached to four hospitals:

  • Lok Nayak Hospital
  • GB Pant Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education & Research
  • Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences
  • Guru Nanak Eye Centre

The college offers undergraduate (MBBS) and postgraduate (MD, MS) courses in medicine.

It’s also offers diploma and certificate courses.

Maulana Azad Medical College is one of the most honorable medical colleges in India. It is ranked among the top 10 medical colleges in India by various surveys. The college is known for its high standards of education and research.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology?

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT) is a public state university located in Kalyani, West Bengal, India. It is completely funded by the West Bengal Government. It was established in 2001 by the West Bengal legislature. The MAKAUT university offers undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in engineering, technology, management, and applied sciences. It also offers a number of diploma and certificate courses.

When Was Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Birthday?

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on November 11, 1888, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This means Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Birthday is 11 November. Also, His birthday is celebrated as National Education Day in India.

What Is Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Birth Place?

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Birth Place is Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

Where Was Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Born?

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia on November 11, 1888.

What Was Abul Kalam Azad Father and Mother Name?

The abul kalam Azad father name was Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed Al Hussaini and maulana abul kalam azad mother name was Sheikha Alia bint Mohammad.

Where Did Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Died?

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad died on the date of February 22, 1958, in New Delhi, India. He was 69 years old. He died of a stroke. His body was buried in the Jama Masjid in Delhi.

Write Some Facts About Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

  • Name – Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin
  • Place of Birth – Mecca, now Saudi Arabia
  • Date of Birth – November 11, 1888
  • Father’s Name – Muhammad Khairuddin
  • Spouse – Zuleikha Begum
  • Date of Death – 22 February 1958
  • Memorial – Abul Kalam Azad tomb, New Delhi, India

Who Is the First Education Minister of India?

The first Education Minister of India was Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. He served from 15 August 1947 to 2 February 1958 As a education minister. Maulana Azad was a scholar, freedom fighter, and politician.

Who Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Father and Mother Name?

Maulana abul kalam Azad father was Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed Al Hussaini and his mother was Sheikha Alia bint Mohammad.

What Was the Real Name of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad?

The real name of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin, also called Abul Kalam Azad or Maulana Azad.

What Is the Full Name of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad?

The full name of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad is Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini. And his original name is Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin.

What Is the Famous Slogan of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad?

The famous slogan of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad is “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” This slogan reflects the Azad’s belief in the importance of education for individual and social progress.

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