An Overview on GPS, Full Form of GPS, History Of GPS

GPS Full Form

GPS is a navigation system that uses satellites to provide location and time information to receivers on Earth. GPS was invented in the 1978s by the U.S. Department of Defense for use by the military. However, in the 1980s, the U.S. government made GPS available for civilian use, and it is now used by millions of people around the world for a variety of applications, including navigation, surveying, mapping, and timing. GPS is free to use and is maintained by the U.S. Air Force. There are 24 GPS satellites in orbit around Earth, and each satellite transmits signals that can be used to determine the satellite’s position and the time.

What is the full form of GPS?

GPS stands for Global Positioning System. It is a space-based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information in all weather conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth’s surface. The system consists of a constellation of satellites, a ground control station, user equipment and software. GPS was developed by the United States Department of Defense and is currently managed by the U.S. Air Force 50th Space Wing.

What is GPS?

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite-based navigation system that was developed by the United States Department of Defense. GPS consists of a constellation of 24 satellites that orbit the earth, and a network of ground stations that provide tracking and control for the satellites. GPS provides real-time positioning information to users around the world.

GPS satellites transmit signals that are used by GPS receivers to determine their location. GPS receivers use a process called trilateration to calculate their position based on the distance from three or more GPS satellites. Trilateration is similar to triangulation, but uses ellipsoidal rather than triangular shapes to account for the curvature of the earth.

GPS signals can be jammed or spoofed, so it is important to have backup systems in place for critical applications. The U.S. Department of Transportation’s WAAS program provides augmentation for GPS signals in North America, and other augmentation systems are being developed for other regions of the world.

How GPS works?

A GPS receiver calculates its position by precisely timing the signals sent by GPS satellites high above the Earth. Each satellite continually transmits messages that include

• The time the message was transmitted

• The satellite’s current position

• Other technical information used by the receiver to calculate its precise location

The receiver uses this information to pinpoint its location. It does this in three dimensions: latitude, longitude and altitude. Latitude and longitude are like X and Y coordinates on a map, used together they pinpoint a specific location. Altitude is like Z coordinate and is perpendicular to X-Y plane. By knowing just these three things, your GPS device can tell you exactly where you are anywhere on or near the Earth’s surface.

Various Parts of GPS

The GPS (Global Positioning System) Parts can be broken up to three separate segments, For Example

  1. space segment – The Space segment is referred to as satellites.In 6 orbiting aircraft, around 24 satellites are distributed.
  2. control segment – The control segment is referred to stations installed on Earth to track the satellites and manage the satellites.
  3. User Segment – The Last User segment is referred to users who process the navigation signals received from the GPS satellites.

The history of GPS

GPS has been around since the 1970s and was first used by the US military. It wasn’t until the 1990s that GPS became available for civilian use. Today, GPS is used by millions of people around the world for a variety of purposes, including navigation, tracking, and surveying.

GPS works by using a network of satellites that orbit the earth. These satellites transmit signals to receivers on the ground, which then calculate the user’s position based on the time it takes for the signal to travel from the satellite to the receiver.

The history of GPS dates back to early studies of radio waves in space. The first experiments were conducted in 1946 by two physicists working at Bell Labs. Their work led to the development of Transit, which was a satellite-based navigation system used by the US military during the Cold War.

While Transit was useful for military applications, it wasn’t accurate enough for civilian use. In 1973, researchers at Stanford University developed an improved version of Transit called Timation. This system used a more accurate method for measuring time, and it was this technology that would eventually be used in civilian GPS systems.

The first GPS satellite was launched in 1978, and within a few years there were enough satellites in orbit to provide coverage over most of the earth’s surface. In 1983, President Reagan announced that GPS would be made available for civilian use after it had been perfected for military applications.

Applications of GPS

The GPS is used in technology to supply information that has never been available before, with the amount and degree of precision that the GPS makes attainable. Researchers are using GPS to measure change in the Arctic ice, tectonic plates on Earth and volcanic activity.

  • The GPS indicates the exact position.
  • To track someone or an object in motion.
  • It assists with the creation of maps of the world.
  • It gives the universe an accurate timeline.
  • While traveling from one place to the next.

Advantages and disadvantages of GPS

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a global navigation satellite system that provides location and time information in all weather conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth’s surface.

GPS has many applications in our everyday lives, including navigation for cars, phones, and even drones. GPS can also be used for tracking people or things, monitoring activity, and even finding your way back home if you’re lost.

However, GPS also has some disadvantages. One downside is that GPS can be inaccurate, especially in rural areas or where there are tall buildings or trees that block the signal. Another disadvantage is that GPS uses battery power, so if your device isn’t charged, you won’t be able to use GPS. Finally, GPS signals can be jammed or spoofed, which means that someone could disrupt your device’s signal and send you off course.


The Global Positioning System is a powerful tool that can be used for a variety of purposes. From navigation to tracking, the GPS has a wide range of applications that can be useful in both our personal and professional lives. We hope this overview has given you a better understanding of how the GPS works and how it can be used to improve your life.

Frequently Asked Questions About Global Positioning System

Why do we need GPS?

GPS receivers are widely used in many applications including automobiles, aircraft, ships, and land vehicles. GPS receivers help us find our way around town, navigate across the country, and keep track of our children while they play outside.

How accurate is GPS?

The accuracy of GPS technology varies depending on the type of equipment being used. Accuracy is generally stated in terms of meters. Most consumer grade GPS devices have an accuracy of about 10 meters. Higher quality units may provide centimeter level accuracy.

Can I use my phone as a GPS device?

Yes, you can use your smartphone as a GPS device. There are several apps available for both Android and iOS platforms that allow you to use your phone as a GPS receiver.

Is GPS safe?

GPS systems are extremely reliable and dependable. However, if you choose to use your phone as your GPS receiver, make sure you know how to properly use it. Never point your phone directly at the sun or any bright lights. Also, never point your phone at anything that could damage it. If you’re concerned about safety, consider using a dedicated GPS unit instead.

Do I really need a GPS device?

Yes! You should always carry a GPS device with you. Whether you’re driving, hiking, fishing, boating, camping, or just walking around town, having a GPS device handy will save you time and money.

Where can I get a GPS device?

You can purchase a GPS device online or at your local electronics store.

About The Author

Knowledge Glow

I am Komal Gupta, the founder of Knowledge Glow, and my team and I aim to fuel dreams and help the readers achieve success. While you prepare for your competitive exams, we will be right here to assist you in improving your general knowledge and gaining maximum numbers from objective questions. We started this website in 2021 to help students prepare for upcoming competitive exams. Whether you are preparing for civil services or any other exam, our resources will be valuable in the process.

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