Biography of Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad on 13th February 1879. She belonged to a Brahmin family. She was well-known for her poetry and was named “the nightingale of India”. She was an Indian political activist who took part in the independence of India and she played a crucial role against the British Raj.

She was the very 1st lady from India to be the president of the Indian National Congress and the governor of the Indian state government. She was also in the position of former Governor of Uttar Pradesh.

She was born to a Chattopadhyay (Bengali) family and studied in India as well as in Foreign countries. She completed her graduation from Madras and completed her further studies in London and Cambridge. She was one of the biggest followers of Mahatma Gandhi, so she involved herself in the Indian independence movement.

Sarojini Naidu was elected as president of the Indian National Congress in 1925. She was appointed as the governor of Uttar Pradesh in 1947. She was a Prolific poet. Her poetry is well-known for the quality of its lyrics and themes.

This blog post explores the biography of Sarojini Naidu. We will discuss in detail about personal life, education, married life, political life, writing career as well and the death of Sarojini Naidu.

Personal Life of Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu was born on 13th Feb,1879 in a Bengali Brahmin Family. to Mr. Aghorenath Chattopadhyay and Mrs. Varada Sundari Devi in Hyderabad, India

She had 8 siblings and was the eldest daughter. Her parents Aghorenath Chattopadhyay and Varada Sundari Devi were the principal of Nizam College and a Bengali poet.

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Education of Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu received her early education at home. Her mother, Varada Sundari Devi, was a Bengali poet and inspired her daughter to write poetry. Sarojini Naidu topped the graduation examination from Madras University at the age of 12.

In 1895, Sarojini Naidu went to England for higher education. She also studied at King’s College in London and Girton College in Cambridge. She obtained degrees in English Literature, History, and Politics.

Married life of Sarojini Naidu

In 1897, Sarojini Chattopadhyay got married to Dr. Govindarajulu Naidu. Dr. Naidu was a military doctor, who was in resident at that time. Sarojini met Dr. Naidu as a resident, and they fell in love. Sarojini’s father had refused to marry her because Dr. Naidu belonged to a different caste. But later he gave consent for his daughter’s marriage.

Sarojini and Dr. Naidu were married in Hyderabad in 1897. The wedding was attended by Sarojini’s father, Aghornath Chattopadhyay, and Dr. Naidu’s parents, Subodh Rajulu and Lakshmi Rajulu. After marriage, Sarojini and Dr. Naidu started living in Hyderabad. They had four children, three daughters and one son.

Sarojini Dr. Naidu’s marriage was successful. They loved each other very much. Dr. Naidu always supported Sarojini in her political and social work.

Saroj also made it to the playoffs on behalf of her family. Their marriage is considered India’s historical marriage. This marriage became an example of inter-caste marriage between leaders and social workers.

Political Career of Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu was not only an Indian poet but a freedom fighter and politician too. She was known as the “Nightingale” of India because of the quality of the lyrics of her poetry. She chaired the Indian National Congress (INC) and served as the first woman Governor of India.

Sarojini Naidu’s political career began in 1914 when she participated in the movement for the rights of Indians in South Africa under the leadership of Gandhiji. In 1917, he returned to India and actively participated in the Indian independence movement. He fought against the British rule through many speeches and writings.

In 1925, Sarojini Naidu was handed over to the presidency of INC. She was the first Indian woman to receive this post. While holding this post, he played an important role in the organizational and strategic development of Congress. In 1930, Sarojini Naidu participated in the Salt Satyagraha. He faced arrest several times and spent time in jail.

In 1947, after India’s independence, Sarojini Naidu was appointed the first woman Governor of Uttar Pradesh. He served in this post till 1949

Writing Career of Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu’s writing career was incredibly diverse and rich. She wrote poetry, prose, essays, plays, and autobiography. Her works were deeply connected to Indian culture, women’s empowerment, and the freedom struggle.

Naidu wrote her first poem at the age of 12. Her first poetry collection, “The Golden Thread”, was published in 1912. She later published several other poetry collections, including “The Lucky Mouse” (1917), “The Fog of Forgetfulness” (1921), and “The Bridge” (1924).

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Naidu also wrote extensively in prose. She wrote many essays and autobiographies, including “The Problem of Poor India” (1921), “The Way of Women” (1922), and “The Divine Comedy of Little Things” (1933). She also wrote a play, “The Queen of Kshirsagar” (1934).

Naidu’s writing was deeply connected to Indian culture and the freedom struggle. Her poems celebrated the richness and diversity of Indian culture. She also campaigned vigorously for women’s rights and freedom.

Naidu was a gifted writer, whose works are still as relevant today as they were when she first wrote them. Her works are an invaluable contribution to Indian culture and women’s empowerment.

Death of Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu died on 2 March 1949 in Lucknow due to cardiac arrest. He was 70 years old at that time.


Sarojini Naidu was an extraordinary woman who made a great contribution to the movement for the independence of India as well as the development of Indian literature. She was not just a poet but a politician, and a social activist too. She passionately advocated for justice and equality.

Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad in 1879 to a Bengali, family. She showed interest in poetry at an early age. She studied at the University of Madras and at Girton College, Cambridge, where she was one of the first Indian women to attend a British university.

After returning to India, Naidu got involved in the movement for Indian independence. She was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, and she played a key role in organizing and leading protests and demonstrations against British rule.

Naidu was also a prolific poet. Her poems are known for their beauty, lyricism, and patriotism. She was one of the first Indian poets to write in English, and her work helped to popularize Indian culture and literature around the world.
In addition to her work as a poet and politician, Naidu was also a social activist. She was a champion of women’s rights and education, and she worked to improve the lives of the poor and marginalized.

Naidu died in 1949 at the age of 70. She was a beloved and respected Indian Figure who is always remembered for her contributions to Indian literature as well as the independence movement.

Sarojini Naidu was a true pioneer and an inspiration to all. She was a woman of many talents and accomplishments, and she dedicated her life to fighting for a better world.

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