Subhas Chandra Bose was one of the most important political leaders of India during the struggle for independence from British rule. He was a visionary and inspirational leader who motivated millions of Indians to fight for freedom. Bose was born in Bengal in 1897. He was educated in England and later became a member of the Indian Civil Service. However, he resigned from his post in 1921 to join the Indian National Congress.
He quickly rose through the ranks of the Congress and became one of its most popular leaders. In 1930, Bose was arrested and jailed for his involvement in the civil disobedience movement. He was later released and exiled from India. However, he continued to work for India’s independence from abroad. In 1941, Bose escaped from house arrest in Calcutta and made his way to Germany. There, he met with Nazi leaders and received military assistance to form the Indian National Army (INA). The INA fought against the British Indian Army in several battles during World War II. Bose died in a plane crash in 1945. However, his legacy continues to inspire Indians all over the world.
Who is Subhas Chandra Bose?
Subhas Chandra Bose, who was also popularly known as Netaji, was an Indian nationalist whose tryst with destiny started long before he became one of the most celebrated leaders of the Indian independence movement.
Bose was born in Cuttack, Odisha, on January 23, 1897, into a wealthy Bengali family. His father Janakinath Bose was a leading lawyer and his mother Prabhavati Devi was a pious housewife. As a young boy, Subhas was inspired by stories of the patriotic deeds of Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi and Mangal Pandey.
He completed his schooling from Ravenshaw Collegiate School and went on to study at Presidency College in Kolkata. However, he failed his exams twice and had to leave without a degree.
In 1918, Subhas joined the Indian National Congress (INC) and soon rose through its ranks to become its President in 1938. However, he differed with the party’s stance on non-violence and self-reliance propounded by Mahatma Gandhi and quit the Congress in 1939. He later formed the Forward Bloc, a breakaway faction within the Congress.
Early life of Subhas Chandra Bose
Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897 in Calcutta, India. His father’s name was Janakinath Bose and his mother’s name was Prabhavati Devi. Subhas’ elder brothers were Sarat Chandra Bose and Sudhir Chandra Bose. His younger sister’s name was Suniti Devi.
Subhas Chandra Bose went to school at the Presidency College in Calcutta. He passed the entrance examination of the University of Calcutta and got a scholarship to study there. However, he later resigned from the university after disagreeing with one of his professors.
Bose then went to England to study at the prestigious Indian Civil Service (ICS). He topped the ICS exam but instead of joining the service, he decided to come back to India to work for the independence of his country.
Bose’s involvement in Indian Nationalism
Subhas Chandra Bose was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Nationalist movement. He was born in 1897 in West Bengal, into a wealthy Bengali family. Bose was educated in England and later returned to India to become a barrister. However, he soon became involved in politics and joined the Indian National Congress.
Bose was a close friend and follower of Mahatma Gandhi, but they had different views on how to achieve independence for India. While Gandhi believed in using non-violent protests, Bose believed that violence might be necessary. This difference led to Bose leaving the Congress party in 1928.
Bose spent many years travelling around India, trying to raise support for independence. In 1940, he formed the Forward Bloc party within the Congress party. The following year, he was arrested and placed under house arrest by the British authorities.
Bose eventually escaped from house arrest and made his way to Germany via Afghanistan and Russia. In Germany, he met with Nazi officials and received military support for his cause. He also raised an Indian national army, made up of soldiers who were prisoners of war from the British Indian Army who had been captured by the Germans during World War II.
In 1944, Bose travelled to Japan in hopes of getting more support for his cause. However, Japan was not able to provide much help and Bose’s army saw little success against the British forces in India. In 1945, Bose died.
The Indian National Army under Bose
The Indian National Army (INA) was an army formed by Indian nationalists in 1942 in Southeast Asia during World War II. The aim of the INA was to secure Indian independence from British rule. The army was led by Subhas Chandra Bose, a leading figure in the Indian independence movement.
Under Bose’s leadership, the INA fought against the British Indian Army in the Burma Campaign. Although the INA was not able to achieve its goal of driving the British out of India, it was a significant force in the war and caused much disruption to the British war effort. After the war, many of its members were tried for treason by the British authorities.
In August 1945, Subhas Chandra Bose was reportedly killed in a plane crash over Taihoku in Formosa (now Taiwan). The circumstances of his death have been the subject of much speculation and controversy. Some believe that he died in the crash, while others believe that he survived and later died in Soviet custody.
Bose’s death has been shrouded in mystery, and the true circumstances surrounding his demise may never be known. However, what is certain is that he was one of India’s most charismatic and controversial leaders, and his death marked the end of an era.
Reaction to Bose’s death
The news of Subhas Chandra Bose’s death came as a shock to the people of India. There was a feeling of disbelief and sorrow among the people. Subhas Chandra Bose was one of the most popular leaders of India and his death was a great loss to the country.
Legacy of Subhas Chandra Bose
Subhas Chandra Bose is one of the most influential and inspiring figures in Indian history. Born into a wealthy family in Bengal in 1897, Bose was a brilliant student who went on to study at Cambridge University. He became involved in the Indian independence movement and was soon arrested and jailed by the British authorities.
Bose escaped from prison and made his way to Germany, where he worked with the Nazi government to secure military aid for the Indian independence movement. He also formed his own army, the Indian National Army (INA), which fought against the British forces in India during World War II.
Despite his controversial methods, Bose was widely respected by both Indians and international leaders for his dedication to the cause of Indian independence. After India achieved independence in 1947, Bose disappeared mysteriously en route to Japan. His legacy continues to inspire people around the world today.
Frequently Asked Questions on Subhas Chandra Bose
What are his contributions to Indian independence?
Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian independence activist who was a prominent leader of the Indian National Congress. He is also credited with organizing the Indian National Army, which fought against the British during World War II.
What is the significance of Subhas Chandra Bose?
Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian independence activist who was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian National Congress. He was arrested and exiled by the British authorities for his involvement in the Quit India Movement. After being released from prison, he went to Germany to seek their help in India’s struggle for independence.
Bose’s work was significant because he was able to gain support from a foreign power for India’s independence struggle. This was a major achievement as it showed that India was not alone in its fight against British colonial rule. Bose’s work also helped to raise morale amongst Indian independence activists and gave them hope that they could eventually achieve their goal of an independent India.